How to Use a Compass

We've put together a video on basic compass skills. As usual, we've added a text version below. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DbZNu-BPWbo Suppose you are located at the East Trailhead for Headquarters Trail. You want to go straight to Point Crawford. There are two ways you can determine the direction you have to walk. The first is to measure the direction using a map square or protractor on the UTM grid and convert that to a magnetic direction. Make sure you have the UTM grid lines drawn on your map. Then draw a straight line from your location to your destination. Extend this line…

The Compass and Declination

There are many different types of compasses and I'm not going to pretend to show you all of them. My goal is to show you the basic compass types and how to best use them. [caption id="attachment_2370" align="aligncenter" width="150"] Lensatic Compass[/caption] The two most common types are the lensatic compass and the map compass. The lensatic compass will usually open and close and is designed with aiming lines and mirrors or magnifying lenses so you can get a very accurate direction measurement, even over long distances. [caption id="attachment_2372" align="aligncenter" width="150"] Map Compass[/caption] The Map compass is usually mounted on a…